Xiangshan Forum and Chinese Military Diplomacy
The 6th Xiangshan Forum was held in Beijing on October 17-18, 2015. With close to 500 participants this year - including defense personnel and security experts and scholars from 49 countries and 5 international organizations - the forum was a platform for Chinese security experts and the People's Liberation Army (PLA) to articulate their views on the regional and global security environment, and to demonstrate the close defense networks China has built across several continents. The participants’ roster was a veritable who's who of Chinese security analysts from think tanks and academe. Beginning as a twice-yearly event in 2006, the Forum has now become an annual gathering and has been upgraded by its organizers from Track 2 (unofficial) to Track 1.5 (semi-official) in nature. This year, APPFI president and University of the Philippine Professor Aileen Baviera, along with another UP professor Dr. Aries Arugay, were the only nongovernmental participants from the Philippines. A delegation from the Department of Defense was led by Undersecretary Pio Lorenzo F. Batino.