Realizing the Potentials of ASEAN-Turkey Partnership
Presented by Dr. Wilfrido Villacorta during a conference commemorating the 50th Anniversary of ASEAN and marking Turkey’s accession as a Sectoral Dialogue Partner of ASEAN held on October 3, 2017 at Ankara, Turkey.
The South China Sea is one of the world’s top five most productive fishing zones, accounting for about 12 percent of global fish catch in 2015. More than half of the fishing vessels in the world operate in these waters, employing around 3.7 million people, and likely many more engaged in illegal, unregulated, and unreported fishing. But this vital marine ecosystem is seriously threatened by overfishing encouraged by government subsidies, harmful fishing practices, and, in recent years, large-scale clam harvesting and dredging for island construction.
On the left, the relatively healthy but overfished reef flat surrounding Thitu Island; on the right, a reef flat approximately 1.5 nautical miles away destroyed by Chinese clam harvesters. Both photos dated February 2016, courtesy of John McManus.
Total fish stocks in the South China Sea have been depleted by 70-95 percent since the 1950s and catch rates have declined by 66-75 percent over the last 20 years. Giant clam harvesting, dredging, and artificial island building in recent years severely damaged or destroyed over 160 square kilometers, or about 40,000 acres, of coral reefs, which were already declining by 16 percent per decade. The entire South China Sea fishery, which officially employs around 3.7 million people and helps feed hundreds of millions, is now in danger of collapse unless claimants act urgently to arrest the decline.
Belt & Road Initiative: How Can the Philippines Fit In?
Dr. Cielito Habito
Presented by Dr. Cielito Habito during the APPFI's roundtable discussion on "China's Belt and Road Initiative and Philippines-China Infrastructure Cooperation" held on July 11, 2017 at the Astoria Plaza, Pasig City.
China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Vision vs. Implementation
Aileen SP. Baviera
Presented by Dr. Aileen Baviera during the APPFI's roundtable discussion on "China's Belt and Road Initiative and Philippines-China Infrastructure Cooperation" held on July 11, 2017 at the Astoria Plaza, Pasig City.