Political Security

Title:

 Philippines Announces New Ships for South China Sea Defense

Author:

Reuters

Source:

Reuters

Date:

December 21, 2015 

Description:

Philippine President Benigno Aquino vowed on Monday to leave behind a stronger and a more capable armed forces to face maritime challenges in the South China Sea when he leaves office next year. Aquino, ineligible to run for re-election under the constitution, promised to spend about 83.90 billion pesos ($1.77 billion) in a five-year period until 2017 to strengthen the military as China asserts its claims to most of the waters.

Tags: South China Sea, Philippine Navy, Aquino

Title:

 China Announces Military Reform, Creates Three Institutions

Author:

Vishakha Sonawane

Source:

International Business Times

Date:

 January 1, 2016

Description:

China announced Friday its new military reform plan that includes establishment of three military institutions, CCTV News reported. The announcement comes nearly two months after Chinese President Xi Jinping said that his country was continuing the most important overhaul of its military structure in decades.

Tags: News, Military Modernization

Title:

 China navy carries out more drills in disputed South China Sea

Author:

Ben Blanchard

Source:

Reuters

Date:

December 13, 2015 

Description:

China's navy has in recent days carried out more exercises in the disputed South China Sea, the Defence Ministry said on Sunday, calling them routine drills. China claims almost all of the energy-rich waters of the South China Sea, through which more than $5 trillion of maritime trade passes each year. The Philippines, Brunei, Vietnam, Malaysia and Taiwan have overlapping claims.

Title:

 Philippines v. China: Court Rules Favorably on Jurisdiction, Case Will Proceed

Author:

Ankit Panda

Source:

The Diplomat

Date:

October 30, 2015

Description:

The Permanent Court of Arbitration awarded its first decision in the The Republic of Philippines v. The People’s Republic of China. The court ruled that the case was “properly constituted” under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, that China’s “non-appearance” (i.e., refusal to participate) did not preclude the Court’s jurisdiction, and that the Philippines was within its rights in filing the case.

Tags: Commentary, South China Sea, Arbitration, The Hague, Philippine-China Relations

Title:

 Implications of the Philippines V. China Award on Jurisdiction

Author:

Jay Batongbacal

Source:

Asia Maritime Transparency Intiative

Date:

November 5, 2015

Description:

The Philippines scored a procedural victory on October 29, successfully dodging the jurisdiction and admissibility objections posed by China’s position paper released last December regarding Manila’s case against Beijing’s South China Sea claims. In a 151-page decision, a tribunal at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague affirmed the primacy of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in determining the parties’ maritime rights and assured the integrity and efficacy of the compulsory dispute settlement procedures permitted by Part XV of UNCLOS.

Tags: Commentary, South China Sea, UNCLOS, The Hague, Philippine-China Relations

Title:

 Hague court assumes jurisdiction over PH case vs China

Author:

Anthony Deutsch

Source:

CNN Philippines

Date:

October 30, 2015

Description:

An arbitration court in the Netherlands ruled on Thursday (October 29) that it has jurisdiction to hear some territorial claims the Philippines has filed against China over disputed areas in the South China Sea. In a legal defeat for China, the Hague-based tribunal rejected Beijing's claim that the disputes were about its territorial sovereignty and said additional hearings would be held to decide the merits of the Philippines' arguments.

Tags: South China Sea, UNCLOS, Philippines-China Relations, The Hague, West Philippine Sea

Title:

 With China in Mind on a Visit to Manila, Obama Pledges Military Aid to Allies in Southeast Asia

Author:

Michael D Smear

Source:

nytimes.com

Date:

November 18, 2015

Description:

Standing in front of a former United States Coast Guard ship that is now the flagship of the Philippine Navy, President Obama on Tuesday sent a message intended for a single country: China. Kicking off five days in Asia by visiting the home port of the 378-foot ship, now known as the BRP Gregorio del Pilar, Mr. Obama announced that the United States would spend an additional $250 million over the next two years to help ensure maritime security for countries in Southeast Asia.

Tags: South China Sea, Asia Pacific Pivot, US-China Relations, Obama

Title:

  Interview: A Philippine Perspective from the Middle of the South China Sea

Author:

Prashanth Parameswaran

Source:

The Diplomat

Date:

September 29, 2015

Description:

Eugenio “Jun” Bito-onon is the mayor of Kalayaan municipality, which comprises six islets controlled by the Philippines in the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea claimed by several other countries including China. These islets include Pag-asa Island, which houses nearly 200 inhabitants. During his recent visit to Washington, D.C., Bito-onon spoke with The Diplomat’s associate editor Prashanth Parameswaran about his perspective on the South China Sea. An edited version of that interview follows.

Tags: South China Sea, Arbitration, Kalayaan Island Group, Bito-onon, ecotourism, Interview

Title:

  The Nine Ironies of the South China Sea Mess

Author:

James Kraska

Source:

The Diplomat

Date:

September 17, 2015

Description:

Since 2009, when China asked the secretary-general of the United Nations to circulate its nine-dashed line claim to the community of nations, the world has stood in bewilderment at Beijing’s actions in the South China Sea. Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines have the most to lose over China’s gambit, and the disparity in power between them and China leaves them confounded and stunned – and privately, apoplectic. China’s policies have created a dangerous mess in the South China Sea. The irony is palpably bitter on nine distinct levels. Vietnam, Malaysia, and the Philippines hold the key to the best chance to fix the mess.

Tags: Commentary, South China Sea, International Law, UNCLOS, Historic Rights, Arbitration

Title:

  America Must Take a Stand in the South China Sea

Author:

Patrick Cronin

Source:

The National Interest

Date:

September 4, 2015

Description:

Navigating the stormy waters of the South China Sea will require a realistic U.S. foreign policy anchored by comprehensive power, deep engagement, and enduring principles. The South China Sea is center stage for Asia’s intensifying maritime competition [4].  China is incrementally but inexorably moving to assert its claim over the vast majority of that semi-enclosed body of water, which covers more than twice the area of Alaska.

Tags: Commentary, South China Sea, U.S.’ China Policy, Island Construction, U.S. Allies

Title:

  Collateral benefit and damage

Author:

Malcolm Cook

Source:

APPS Policy Forum

Date:

July 2015

Description:

The ruling in the case between China and the Philippines over competing claims in the South China Sea will strain relations between Manila and Beijing, but it’ll also impact Vietnam, Taiwan, Indonesia and Malaysia, as well as threatening ASEAN unity.

Tags: Commentary, ASEAN, South China Sea, UNCLOS, Arbitration, Taiwan